Relatives of victims of the dirty war visit military prison for the first time

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México._ The Number One Military Camp of the National Defense Secretariat, identified as a clandestine prison and torture center for dissidents, opened its doors this Tuesday to fifty survivors and relatives of those killed and disappeared in the State’s dirty war against the insurgent movements, a historical event promoted by the Truth Commission for the clarification of facts between 1965 and 1990.

Among the members of the reconnaissance mission of the military prison, which was also the headquarters of the sinister White Brigade, are Micaela Cabañas Ayala, daughter of Lucio Cabañas Barrientos, the founder of the Partido de los Pobres who was assassinated 48 years ago, and Rafael Ramos Eusebio, militant of the Communist League September 23, founded 49 years ago, two of the main guerrilla groups in México.

As a child, Micaela Cabañas was imprisoned in Military Camp Number One along with her mother, who was tortured by General Mario Arturo Acosta Chaparro and raped by the former Governor of Guerrero Rubén Figueroa Figueroa, as he denounced on the program Los Periodistas, on June 22.

“My mother was tortured, she was raped and she was abused […] I also want to tell you that I arrived here after two months and somewhere in this building I learned to walk, I learned to run and to say my first words. In this place and with the shelter of my mother and the entire Cabañas family who were here in hiding, because the government of that time said so, we suffered torture, physical, moral and psychological torture, and many other violations, including the sexual one, since my mother left here pregnant with the Governor of that time Guerrero”.

Micaela Cabañas also revealed that she herself was tortured by Miguel Nazar Haro, former director of the Federal Security Directorate, who grabbed her feet and put a gun to her head. Her mother was murdered in July 2011, in Guerreroa crime that remains unpunished.

Almost half a century after the founding of the Liga Comunista 23 de Septiembre, on March 15, 1973, and the assassination of Lucio Cabañas, on December 2, 1974, for the first time the survivors of the guerrilla and relatives of the fallen and disappeared entered the military installations of Military Camp Number One, as they will do with other military installations.

Among the survivors and relatives of the victims of the repression are Reyna García and Laura Gaytán, from the Eureka Committee, and Enrique Téllez Pacheco, a member of the People’s Armed Command (CAP), captured in 1971.

Just last month, on August 7, five friends from the House of Indomitable Memory Museum, founded by Rosario Ibarra de Piedra, entered Military Camp Number One as part of a “roll” called by Sedena.

The young people wore fluorescent green t-shirts, which had printed the organization’s fighting phrases and also chanted: “They took them alive! We want them alive! “Eureka!”

But the first formal admission, this Tuesday, to what is still a military prison has enormous significance in the work of the Commission for Access to Truth and Historical Clarification (COVeH), 1965-1990, created by decree by the President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, after, on June 22, the relatives of the victims of the repression participated in a ceremony in that place, where they also protested because the General Secretary, Luis Crescencio Sandoval, informed that the names of soldiers will be registered deceased along with theirs.

“We hoped to visit that place, we hoped to enter and the truth is that I was waiting, as I used to cry when I was a child, to return home. I wanted to know where my mother had been. I wanted to remember something. I felt very upset, but I felt even more offended when the General came up with the idea of ​​saying that among the attendees were the relatives of those who riddled the town with bullets. […] We were the aggrieved because we were the civilian population”, said Micaela about Sandoval’s speech.

Carlos Pérez Ricart, a member of the COVeH, wrote in SinEmbargo that Military Camp Number One was one of the key centers of repression by the authoritarian regime. The first record of the site as a place where civilians disappeared dates back to 1952, the year in which it began to be used as a clandestine cremation center and a decade later, in 1964, the Campo military prison was built.

“In the military prison, still in use, clandestine prisons were established —if we pay attention to dozens of testimonies and multiple documentary sources— in which an as yet undetermined number of people were detained, tortured and disappeared. Communities of victims, leaders of the 1968 student movement, wounded from the Halconazo of 1971, people linked to guerrilla groups, as well as victims of the Brigada Blanca —the police-paramilitary group responsible for hundreds of disappearances and extrajudicial executions that occurred from the mid-1970s to the early 1980s.”

The survivors and relatives of the victims of the dirty war will make other visits to Military Camp Number One, but they will also enter other military facilities, reports Pérez Ricart, such as the Pie de la Cuesta naval base in Acapulco, Guerrero”a site from which, according to cross-examinations, the death flights took off in which opponents of the regime were thrown into the sea tied up in sacks with stones.”

But the admission of survivors and relatives of victims of the dirty war to the military prison, located on the border of México City and the State of México, is also marked by skepticism, as they manifested at the June 22 ceremony. with banners: “If justice does not enter, it is useless to enter!”

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Source: from Noroeste Nacional on 2022-09-20 15:10:46

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