Pedro Avilés, better known as ‘Don Pedro’ or ‘El León de la Sierra’, is considered to be the first Mexican drug trafficker who promoted the transfer of opium gum to the United States.
Currently, Mexico is facing a serious insecurity crisis, as a result of disputes between criminal groups such as the Sinaloa Cartel or the Jalisco Nueva Generación Cartel (CJNG) .
However, this phenomenon had an origin that indicates that the first ones who traded with the opioids were the Chinese community in Mexico, but later their cultivation spread to other regions such as the well-known ‘Golden Triangle’ in Sinaloa , as well as other regions of the country. north where the first Mexican drug traffickers emerged.
The first narco boss in Mexico established a network of connections with the Italian-American mafia , and trafficked heroin and marijuana.
Who was the first Mexican drug trafficker?
Pedro Avilés, better known as ‘Don Pedro’ or ‘El León de la Sierra’, is considered to be the first Mexican drug trafficker who promoted the transfer of opium gum to the United States , apart from the fact that he created connections with the mafias. both from the United States and from Italy.
“El León de la Sierra” was born in 1938 in the mountains of the state of Durango, he organized the poppy growers of those years to produce opium gum and moved it from Culiacán, Sinaloa to Mexicali, Baja California. He operated in San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora and his territory included the border crossing from this area to Tijuana.
He owes his nickname because he made the mountains of the famous Golden Triangle an operations center from where he turned the drug trafficking business into a model of organization in planting, cultivation and distribution.
The “Don Pedro” business flourished during the World War II years thanks to the unrecognized “open door” policy of the US government.
To distribute opium in the United States , the so-called ‘Lion of the Sierra’ had the support of a couple of American capos: Benjamin ‘Bugsy’ Siegel, who began his criminal career as an alcohol smuggler during Prohibition; as well as Charles ‘Lucky’ Luciano, a member of the so-called Genovese crime family.
There is a version that there was a secret agreement with the Roosevelt government , who promoted and even financed the cultivation of poppies in Mexico to produce heroin.
The mountains of Sinaloa, Durango and Chihuahua already had important crops and the right conditions to increase their production. Starting in 1940, this activity was intensified, focusing on the municipality of Badiraguato in Sinaloa.
In the 1970s, ‘Don Pedro’ gathered in his close circle the next ‘generation’ of drug traffickers , such as: Miguel Félix Gallardo, who would become the leader of the Guadalajara Cartel and would be nicknamed ‘El Jefe de Jefes’ ; Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo , who would be called ‘Don Neto’.
One of the last men who was related to ‘El León de la Sierra’ was Juan José Esparragoza Moreno, alias ‘El Azul’ and who would go on to found the Sinaloa Cartel. On September 15, 1978, he was ambushed and killed by the Mexican Army , after they disarmed him.
Finally there was Ismael “El Mayo” Zambada , one of the founders of the Sinaloa Cartel , a criminal who has escaped justice for decades.
Working in those days only as planters or hired assassins were Joaquín Guzmán Loera, “El Chapo”, his right-hand man Héctor “El Güero” Palma, as well as the Arellano Félix brothers and the Beltrán Leyva brothers.
“El León de la Sierra” in addition to being the master of the heads of the Mexican cartels, was also a pioneer in the use of small planes to transport marijuana through the desert, in 1969 he used this method for the first time.
Avilés was the first to transport significant volumes of marijuana in flatbed trucks and trailers . His network went from Culiacán to San Luis Río Colorado, where he had properties. When in September 1969, US President Richard Nixon announced the unilateral closure of border crossings to seek to reduce drug trafficking with the so-called “Operation Interception”, he used small planes to transport it.
On September 15, 1978, in a confrontation between elements of the Mexican Army, “El León de la Sierra” died along with nine other people, according to authorities at the time.
A red 1976 Ford truck was left on a Sinaloa highway with multiple bullet holes, nearby was the body of Pedro Avilés.
On the seats were the bodies of the three women. According to the police report, his driver and his right arm were sitting leaning to one side, it was Juan Manuel Ruiz Soto.
“El León de la Sierra” had 25 arrest warrants pending to be fulfilled. He was never arrested.
Avilés was the head of the generation of traffickers who, at the end of the 1960s, made their presence visible on the streets of Culiacán . It was when the bloody disputes over the growth of the business and the arrival of cocaine began.
Source: from NOTICIAS DE HOY on 2022-09-20 08:47:28